Wednesday, May 6, 2009

Platform Setup (SDI 07 Part II)

In the last episode of this series, we have decided to use Gentoo Linux on a skimpy tabletop server as the platform for the software development infrastructure for our fictitious new project.

True to the hardcore image of Gentoo, the installation process for the Gentoo bootstrap binary distribution is a bit spartan (as of 2007). Fortunately Sabayon Linux provides a Gentoo derived distribution with a live CD to check out hardware compatibility and a simple installation process targeted at desktop end-users. Ok, I desktop distribution is probably not optimal for a server, but I needed to get the base system up and running as painlessly as possible (which it did).

Once the minimal base system is configured to connect to the local network and is ready for remote login by an admin user, we can start with the setup of the service infrastructure. Based on the list of the services we want to set up, this is the shopping list of additional packages, which we need to download from the portage repository and build locally:

echo "www-apps/trac cgi fastcgi sqlite enscript silvercity" >> /etc/portage/package.use
echo "dev-util/subversion apache2" >> /etc/portage/package.use
echo "net-mail/dovecot pop3d" >> /etc/portage/package.use
emerge -v apache2
emerge -v subversion
emerge -v trac
emerge -v mod_python
emerge --unmerge ssmtp
emerge -v postfix
emerge -v mhonarc
emerge -v dovecot

Before we start configuring any of the services, here are a few deliberate assumptions and choices we have made for this setup:
  • This server will run all the services required to support collaborative software development, but not any general purpose IT functions which are needed for any kind of team or work environment (networking, email, file & print sharing, Internet access, account administration, etc.)
  • This server will run behind a firewall on a gated, private network. The security on the server is geared towards keeping visitors from casually snooping around or anybody accidentally destroying something rather than keeping out any seriously determined cyber-criminals.
  • Thanks to the cyber-criminals mentioned above and other assorted scum hanging out on the Internet, running a public e-mail server has become an unpleasant hassle which might not be worth doing for a small organization. Instead, using a hosted mail service might prove very attractive. Instead of trying to route email traffic from and to the software development server, we could as well run a completely isolated email system on that server. Member of the software team would have to use two distinct email accounts to communicate within the project team and externally. Most modern email clients can easily manage multiple accounts accessed remotely over protocols like POP or IMAP. If there is already e-mail service provided on the local network, we can easily relay all messages there instead.
  • All the services which are part of the software development infrastructure require a single set of consistent set of accounts to uniquely identify each user. Less so to prevent unauthorized access than to track all user interactions which are part of the projects evolution and audit trail (checkins, ticket updates, changes to wiki pages, email messages sent to the project mailing lists, etc.). We need a simple way to provide unified account management and probably do that separately from whatever is done for the general IT infrastructure.